Stone has many properties that make it advantageous to use in the home. While natural stone is more expensive than other kinds of tile, it will add significantly more value to a property. Stone tiles are each unique and will create a one-of-a-kind, timeless design. Both manufactured and natural stone are extremely durable and are products that can last a lifetime. If installed in bathrooms or kitchens, stone tiles do not retain odors, allergens or bacteria, making them a safe choice for these rooms. To sum it up, stone is a simply beautiful flooring option and a wise investment.
Stone is an all-natural material that has been used in construction for thousands of years. It’s a product that adds both beauty and sophistication to any room it’s used in. There are three kinds of rock formations from which stone tile is eventually carved: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rock. The distinctions between each come from the way in which they were formed. Igneous rock is the result of lava or magma cooling and hardening. Sedimentary rock is formed when layers of biological deposits are compacted and crystallized over many, many years. Metamorphic rock is formed when other types of rock (igneous or sedimentary) are exposed to high levels of heat and pressure within the earth. Granite is an example of igneous rock. Sandstone and limestone are both sedimentary rocks and marble and travertine are metamorphic stones.
To create natural stone tiles, rock is quarried from the earth, cut into slabs and then eventually into tiles. Manufactured stone tiles, while they contain natural stone elements, are actually synthetic products. They consist of stone fragments or chips that are suspended in a bonding material. In general, manufactured stone tiles are more durable than natural stone. Stone tiles come from numerous different kinds of stone and are available in a host of colors, sizes and finishes. We encourage you to visit your local Floor Store today to take a look at what’s available.
Stone installation is a labor-intensive process. We highly recommend leaving the work to seasoned professionals with the skill, know-how and tools to ensure that your stone tile is installed correctly. If you do decide on natural stone flooring, it’s important to understand a bit about the installation process.
Your installation experts will want to take a look at the floor substrate, which is the surface they will be installing the tile on. If your substrate is cement, they may be able to tile right over it. However, if you have a wood subfloor, they will likely need to lay down an additional layer for support and to prevent moisture from coming through. Once this is complete, they will be able to put down mortar and lay the tile.
To ensure that the tile is well-laid and the room is symmetrical, the installation team will measure the area and use a chalk line to set the pattern for the room. Some tiles may need to be cut at this point. Thin set mortar will be applied and then the tiles will be laid and pressed into place. Once the tiles have set, the installers will apply grout between the tiles. With stone, un-sanded grout is commonly used so there is less possibility of scratching the stone surface.
After installation, vent the room for a few days to make sure that dust from the installation settles. You’ll also want to talk to your installation team about sealing the stone once the installation process is complete. From there, care and maintenance are up to you!