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Vinyl Sheet Overview

Vinyl Sheet Overview

Vinyl is a specific type of plastic. Vinyl flooring is a product made by layering different materials, including vinyl. The most common type of vinyl floor consist of 4 layers: a felt, fiberglass or vinyl backing; a core layer; a decorative layer with the flooring pattern; and a final “wear layer” on top that protects the flooring from scratches and scuffs.

“Resilient flooring” is a term used for flooring that has some elasticity to it. This is the case with vinyl – it is a firm flooring product with a bit of “give.” The terms vinyl and resilient flooring are often used interchangeably. However, it’s important to note that there are some non-vinyl, resilient flooring options, including cork, rubber and linoleum. If you have questions specific to any resilient flooring product, a Floor Store associate would be happy to help. Give us a call or stop by today.

Vinyl is not only available in sheets, as a matter of fact, it also comes in  planks, tiles or a variety of options to express your own personal creativity.

Vinyl flooring can be installed in any room in the house, including rooms at, above or below grade (ground level). It can also be installed over almost any type of subfloor (concrete, wood, vinyl), as long as the subfloor is smooth and level. If the subfloor has imperfections, they may show through the vinyl.

Vinyl and Linoleum are not the same, while both products are examples of resilient flooring, they are actually manufactured from completely different materials. While vinyl flooring consists of vinyl, felt and fiberglass, linoleum is made from natural materials such as linseed oil, tree resin, cork dust and wood flour.

Vinyl Sheet Basics

Vinyl Sheet Basics

Today’s vinyl flooring is a great option for many different rooms and situations. The product is known for its durability, a result of the way in which it’s manufactured. Most sheet vinyl currently on the market is made up of four layers, each of which adds something to the overall properties of the product. The layers include a backing material; a central, core layer; a decorative layer; and a final layer to prevent wear and tear to the flooring.

In addition to being known for durability, vinyl is known for its versatility. One of the things that makes sheet vinyl so versatile is the wide variety of patterns and colors that are available. Vinyl’s diverse patterns are the result of a process known as rotogravure, in which the flooring is passed under a large cylinder that imprints the decorative layer. With modern technology, this layer can realistically mimic other flooring products, such as wood or stone, creating a host of possibilities for combinations and patterns.

Vinyl Sheet Installation

Vinyl Sheet Installation

What to Expect

Vinyl floor installation can be a tricky business. At the Floor Store, we suggest you have your vinyl flooring professionally installed. Our installation staff have experience with the heavy, difficult work that it takes to ensure a vinyl floor comes out looking the best it can. Any of our Floor Store locations can help you with your installation needs. We can also help you know what to expect before, during and after your vinyl floor installation.


As with any flooring installation, you’ll need to clear the room of furniture and other items before the vinyl is installed. It may be necessary to remove baseboards and molding in advance; be sure to ask your installer about this. Vinyl floor can be installed on virtually any surface, but it will show imperfections in the materials below it, if they exist. For this reason, it’s important that you talk to an installation professional about your flooring substrate (the material on which the flooring will be installed) before installation. Depending on your subfloor, you may need an underlayment laid before the vinyl is put in place. This will help ensure that the surface is smooth, dry and free of imperfections.


Once your substrate is ready to go, vinyl will be installed. Vinyl can be installed with one of three different techniques: full spread, perimeter adhered or floating installation. With full spread installation, installers apply adhesive to the entire substrate. With perimeter adhered installation, the adhesive is only applied to seams and perimeters of the vinyl flooring. Finally, a floating vinyl installation is when no adhesive is used to glue the vinyl to the substrate. As with any other flooring product, it’s important to be prepared and know what to expect when having vinyl installed.


After installation, you’ll need to make sure your room has good ventilation for between 48 and 72 hours. Then, it’s up to you to care for and maintain your new vinyl floor.

Vinyl Sheet Care and Maintenance

Vinyl Sheet Care and Maintenance

Questions About Cleaning and Maintenance

How can I prevent scratching, denting or tearing to my vinyl floor?

To begin with, be sure to keep dust and dirt off of your floor when possible. This means frequent sweeping or vacuuming. But be careful – vacuum cleaners with a beater bar can scratch the surface of your flooring, as can scrub brushes. To further prevent scratches and tears, be sure to use felt pads on the bottom of furniture and invest in carpets or throw rugs designed specifically for vinyl floors.

Can I replace damaged vinyl tiles?

Yes, you can! We recommend that when purchasing vinyl tile, you buy a few extra tiles that can be used as replacements in the future. You can remove damaged flooring tiles by heating them with a hair dryer and scoring with a utility knife. Once you’ve done that, use a putty knife to pry out the tile and scrape residues from the floor. Finally, simply place the new tile in where you removed the old one. If you have more detailed questions, please feel free to contact us at the Floor Store.

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