Albany, CA
510-296-6967
Concord, CA
925-401-7504
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925-401-7499
San Francisco, CA
415-262-4243
San Rafael, CA
415-233-7063
Santa Rosa, CA
707-387-9546
Sunnyvale, CA
408-940-0233
San Carlos, CA
650-209-8718
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Natural Stone Basics

Natural Stone Flooring 101

Natural Stone Basics


Stone is an all-natural material that has been used in construction for thousands of years. It’s a product that adds both beauty and sophistication to any room it’s used in. There are three kinds of rock formations from which stone tile is eventually carved: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rock. The distinctions between each come from the way in which they were formed. Igneous rock is the result of lava or magma cooling and hardening. Sedimentary rock is formed when layers of biological deposits are compacted and crystallized over many, many years. Metamorphic rock is formed when other types of rock (igneous or sedimentary) are exposed to high levels of heat and pressure within the earth. Granite is an example of igneous rock. Sandstone and limestone are both sedimentary rocks and marble and travertine are metamorphic stones.

To create natural stone tiles, rock is quarried from the earth, cut into slabs and then eventually into tiles. Manufactured stone tiles, while they contain natural stone elements, are actually synthetic products. They consist of stone fragments or chips that are suspended in a bonding material. In general, manufactured stone tiles are more durable than natural stone. Stone tiles come from numerous different kinds of stone and are available in a host of colors, sizes and finishes. We encourage you to visit your local Floor Store today to take a look at what’s available.